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Callitris glaucophylla Joy Thomps. & L.A.S.Johnson
CUPRESSACEAE
Synonomy
Common Name: Callitris, Native Pine, White Cypress Pine
Aboriginal Language Names: Alyawarr: apmikw (Latz 1995) (Blackman and Moore 2004)Anmatyerr: anngart, rlwek (Latz 1995) (Green 2003)Eastern Arrernte: irlweke (Latz 1995) (Henderson and Dobson 1994)Kaytetye: apmikwe, pmikwe (Turpin 2012)Pintupi Luritja: mulku (Latz 1995)Pitjantjatjara: kuli, kulpuru, kulilypuru (Latz 1995) (Goddard 1992)Warlpiri: wanngardi (Latz 1995) (Hale 1995)Western Arrernte: alkngarte (Latz 1995) alkngaarta (Roennfeldt 2005)
Description: A very distinctive tree species on account of its much-reduced and modified leaves, which are arranged in whorls of 3 encircling the branchlets, with the decurrent bases completely covering the internodes. The branchlets are typically blue-green and have a coniferous odour when crushed, and the female fruiting cones are woody and globular before they open.
Whole plant (or habit)
Image: NT Herbarium
Leaf or Leaves
Image: NT Herbarium
Flower
Image: NT Herbarium
Fruit
Image: M. Osterkamp
Fruit
Image: NT Herbarium
Notes: It is confined to rocky ranges.

Distribution

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  • Specimen Icon Specimens
  • Observation Icon Observations
Introduced Status: Native to NT
Bioregion: Burt Plain, Central Ranges, Einasleigh Uplands, Finke, Flinders Lofty Block, Great Sandy Desert, MacDonnell Ranges, Murchison

Habitat: Occurs on rocky or gravelly ranges, hills or rises composed of various neutral or acidic rocks, rarely occurring on basic rocks (e.g. dolomite). This species is fire sensitive and is found more frequently in rockier areas offering greater protection from fire.

Ecological Attributes

Flowering: Jan, Apr, May, Jul, Aug, Oct
Fruiting: Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

Other Attributes

Conservation Status (TPWCA): Least Concern
Restricted Range Taxon: N
NT Parks: Arltunga Historical Reserve, Finke Gorge National Park, Kuyunba Conservation Reserve, N'Dhala Gorge Nature Park, Owen Springs Reserve, Ruby Gap Nature Park, Tjoritja / West MacDonnell National Park, Tnorala (Gosse Bluff) Conservation Reserve, Trephina Gorge Nature Park, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, Watarrka National Park
Flora Description Source: Unpublished notes prepared for FloraNT

Ethnobotany

Alyawarr: Food: Water sources. Anmatyerr: Material and Culture: Firewood, Toys; Weapons and Implements: Spears. Eastern Arrernte: Material and Culture: Others. Kaytetye: Food: Fruit flesh. Pintupi Luritja: Food: Fruit flesh. Pitjantjatjara: Food: Fruit flesh, Gum, Others, Plant foods for animals; Material and Culture: Others, Shade or shelter, Toys; Weapons and Implements: Fish-poisons and traps. Warlpiri: Food: Plant foods for animals; Material and Culture: Shade or shelter; Weapons and Implements: Fish-poisons and traps. Western Arrernte: Material and Culture: Shade or shelter.
Ethnobotany Source: Latz, P.K. 1995

Propagation

Seed Collection: Seed maturity indicated by fruits dry and starting to open. Well developed seeds will fall out of open fruits with a light touch. Place into cloth or paper bags. (Alice Springs Desert Park). Mature, unopened fruits will yield some viable seeds if harvested and allowed to dry. (Collins pers.obs.)
Seed Propagation General: Cover seeds with 5mm of seed raising media or sterilised sand. Prick-out approximately 3-4 weeks after sowing, with general potting media filled to just below the cotyledons. Protect newly germinated and potted seedlings from high heat and wind. Gradually expose to harsher conditions as the plant grows. (Alice Springs Desert Park).

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